Night of First of Muharram
1) 8 Rikaat Nafal should be read like this:
After Surah Al-Fatiha read 10 times Surah Ikhlaas in each rakaat.
Benefit: Umm Ul mumineen Sayeda Aisha Radi Allahu Anhu will do a Shifaa’at (Intercession) at the day of Judgement for the person and his family who will read the nawafal as stated in the above manner when the hellfire is wajib for that person.
2) Read 2 Nafals and after Salam read this Dua:
Allah will protect from calamities.
Night Of Ashura
All night of Ashura is very blessed so read Quran, Nafls and Durrod Shareef as much as possible. Please stay away from TV (can watch Islamic Channels but don't spend watching all night as you can get more reward by reading Nawafil, Quran or doing other Wazaifs and Zikr.), Internet or any games or anything that is considered as waste of time.
It is reported by Hazrat Sayedna Abu Huraira Radi Allahu Anhu that whoever done Ibaadah (Worship) all night of Ashura and fast at the day of Ashura then he will die in a way that he will feel the death (in other words will die in honour like the death of saints)
Another narration by Hazrat Sayedna Abu Huraira Radi Allahu Anhu: Whoever read 4 Rikaats Nafals in this way:
After Surah Al-Fatiha read 50 times Surah Ikhlaas, then Allah will forgive person's 50 years of sins.
Read 2 rakats Nawafil . In each rakat after Surah Fateha recite Surah Ikhlas 3 times. The reward of this the ones grave will have noor (light) till the day of judgement inshAllah.
Perform 4 Nawafil, in each rakaat read Ayat-ul-Kursi x 3, Surah Ikhlas x 10. After Salaat, read Surah Ikhlas x 100. Allah will forgive person's sins and lot of bounties a person receives in paradise(Jannat).
Perform 4 Nawafil, in each rakaat read Surah Ikhlas x 5. A person will get lot of blessings from Allah Ta'ala.
Day of Ashur (10th of Muharram)
Whoever will read this Dua at the day of Ashur, Allah will forgive him/her and his name will be written among the Auliyas (saints – Friends of Allah).
At 9.00 AM (UK – 2011, after the sun has risen high. Follow your local time.), perform 2 Nawafil.
Perform 4 Nawafil, in each rakaat Surah Ikhlas x 15. Give Sawab of these Nawafil to Imam Hasan and Imam Hussain Ridwanallahi ta'ala m'ajmaim. They will intercede for the person who performs this Salah at day of judgement.
Read 4 Nawafils. After Surah Al-Fatiha read 50 times Surah Ikhlaas, then Allah will reward him /her with 1000 Palaces of Nur (Light) in Jannat-e-Ala (Paradise) and will forgive his 50 years of sins.
Fasting on the 9th and 10th muharram carries great sawaab InshAllah, cook good food and do fateha, Isaale Sawaab for Sayyedina Hazrat Imam Hussain Radi Allahu anhu and for all Shuhadas of Karbala and reward for this you will have so much barkat (blessing) in your home for a whole year inshAllah.,
Also have Ghusal (bath) on ashura (10 muharram) the reward of this you will be protected from all kinds of ailments and illnesses for a whole year inshAllah. After Ghusal, perform 2 Nawafil, in each rakaat read Surah Ikhlas x 10. After Salaat, read Ayat-ul-Kursi x 1 and Durood-e-Ibraheemi (Durood that is read in Namaz/Salah) x 9.
Wear surma in your eyes on Ashura (10 muharram) the reward for this your eyes will stay healthy InshAllah.